Hello World

Learn how to use the DepthAI Python API to display a color video stream.


Let’s get your development environment setup first. This tutorial uses:

  • Python 3.6 (Ubuntu) or Python 3.7 (Raspbian).

  • The DepthAI Python API

  • The cv2 and numpy Python modules.

Code Overview

The depthai Python module provides access to your board’s 4K 60 Hz color camera. We’ll display a video stream from this camera to your desktop. You can find the complete source code for this tutorial on GitHub.

File Setup

Setup the following file structure on your computer:

cd ~
mkdir -p depthai-tutorials-practice/1-hello-world
touch depthai-tutorials-practice/1-hello-world/hello_world.py
cd depthai-tutorials-practice/1-hello-world

What’s with the -practice suffix in parent directory name? Our tutorials are available on GitHub via the depthai-tutorials repository. We’re appending -practice so you can distinguish between your work and our finished tutorials (should you choose to download those).

Install pip dependencies

To display the DepthAI color video stream we need to import a small number of packages. Download and install the requirements for this tutorial:

python3 -m pip install numpy opencv-python depthai --user

Test your environment

Let’s verify we’re able to load all of our dependencies. Open the hello_world.py file you created earlier in your code editor. Copy and paste the following into hello_world.py:

import numpy as np # numpy - manipulate the packet data returned by depthai
import cv2 # opencv - display the video stream
import depthai # access the camera and its data packets

Try running the script and ensure it executes without error:

python3 hello_world.py

If you see the following error:

ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'depthai'

…follow these steps in our troubleshooting section.

Initialize the DepthAI Device

Start the DepthAI device:

device = depthai.Device('', False)

Try running the script. You should see output similar to:

No calibration file. Using Calibration Defaults.
XLink initialized.
Sending device firmware "cmd_file": /home/pi/Desktop/depthai/depthai.cmd
Successfully connected to device.
Loading config file
Attempting to open stream config_d2h
watchdog started 6000
Successfully opened stream config_d2h with ID #0!

If instead you see an error, please reset your DepthAI device, then try again.

Create the DepthAI Pipeline

Now we’ll create our data pipeline using the previewout stream. This stream contains the data from the color camera. The model used in ai section is a MobileNetSSD with 20 different classes, see here for details

# Create the pipeline using the 'previewout' stream, establishing the first connection to the device.
pipeline = device.create_pipeline(config={
    'streams': ['previewout', 'metaout'],
    'ai': {
        'blob_file': "/path/to/mobilenet-ssd.blob",
        'blob_file_config': "/path/to/mobilenet-ssd.json"

if pipeline is None:
    raise RuntimeError('Pipeline creation failed!')

Display the video stream

A DepthAI Pipeline generates a stream of data packets. Each previewout data packet contains a 3D array representing an image frame. We change the shape of the frame into a cv2-compatible format and display it.

detections = []

while True:
    # Retrieve data packets from the device.
    # A data packet contains the video frame data.
    nnet_packets, data_packets = pipeline.get_available_nnet_and_data_packets()

    for nnet_packet in nnet_packets:
        detections = list(nnet_packet.getDetectedObjects())

    for packet in data_packets:
        # By default, DepthAI adds other streams (notably 'meta_2dh'). Only process `previewout`.
        if packet.stream_name == 'previewout':
            data = packet.getData()
            # the format of previewout image is CHW (Channel, Height, Width), but OpenCV needs HWC, so we
            # change shape (3, 300, 300) -> (300, 300, 3)
            data0 = data[0,:,:]
            data1 = data[1,:,:]
            data2 = data[2,:,:]
            frame = cv2.merge([data0, data1, data2])

            img_h = frame.shape[0]
            img_w = frame.shape[1]

            for detection in detections:
                pt1 = int(detection.x_min * img_w), int(detection.y_min * img_h)
                pt2 = int(detection.x_max * img_w), int(detection.y_max * img_h)

            cv2.imshow('previewout', frame)

    if cv2.waitKey(1) == ord('q'):

# The pipeline object should be deleted after exiting the loop. Otherwise device will continue working.
# This is required if you are going to add code after exiting the loop.
del pipeline
del device

Run the script. Press the Q key with focus on the video stream (not your terminal) to exit:

python3 hello_world.py

You’re on your way! You can find the complete code for this tutorial on GitHub.

Got questions?

We’re always happy to help with code or other questions you might have.